Evaluations Part 1: Where to Start when a Student Needs Special Help at School

A Brief Overview Special Education is provided through the Individualized Education Program (IEP) for a student with a qualifying disability. The first step is to determine eligibility through evaluation. This article describes that process. An article about IEP essentials is also available on PAVE’s website. Parents can request an evaluation by submitting a written letter Read More

Q&A – Should the Whole Team be Present for an IEP?

Amending the Individualized Education Program (IEP) Q: My son’s special education teacher informed me she wants to have a meeting to amend his Individualized Education Program (IEP). It is not time for his annual review, but he has met some goals and objectives and she would like to change them. Do you think this is a Read More

Inclusion Vs. Self-Contained Opportunities for Students in School

Debate continues even today on whether students should be educated in inclusive programs or self-contained programs. When looking at the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), the law never uses the word “inclusion,” instead the law refers to “Least Restrictive Environment” or LRE. For some students LRE cannot be achieved in a fully “inclusive” classroom. Read More

Extended School Year (ESY) that elusive process that leaves us scratching our heads

Extended school year (ESY) was first established in federal law by the Individuals with Disabilities Act of 1997 (IDEA ’97). While ESY services were to be a part of the planning for students prior to 1997 this requirement was drawn from case law. IDEA ’97 didn’t create new standards for ESY instead brought together well-established Read More

When will my Student Graduate?

Dear Reader, There seems to be some confusion about “When will my student graduate?”  Here’s an attempt to clarify some questions and make the transition to adult life a little easier. First, there is a difference between “Graduation” and “Exiting” the public school system.  Graduation includes walking with your classmates while wearing a cap and Read More