Learning the skills to maintain expected behavior and follow school rules is part of education. All students learn social, emotional and behavioral skills. Students with disabilities may get extra help in these areas of learning. Some have individualized behavior support plans.
When the pre-teaching and interventions fail to stop a behavior from causing a problem, the school might call a parent to say, “Take them home.” What happens next could depend on how well-informed parents are about the rights of students with disabilities.
This video provides key information about what to do if your child is being sent home. The first thing to ask is, “Are they being suspended?” If the answer is yes, the school is required to file specific paperwork. If the answer is no, a parent has choices and may support better long-term outcomes by carefully documenting what happens next.
Below are links to resources referenced in the video:
WAC 392-400-455, the Washington Administrative Code that describes the schools responsibility to notify parents and the details they must include in writing if a student is excluded from school as a disciplinary action
TAP #2, a Technical Assistance Paper from Washington’s Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) about discipline procedures for students eligible for special education services
The Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI) is the agency responsible for oversight of all public schools and non-public agencies in Washington State. In addition to supporting schools, OSPI provides resources and support directed toward students and families.
OSPI upgraded its website (k12.wa.us) in July 2019. The home page provides news about current events, a calendar, and an option for Parents and Families to seek resources specific to their needs and concerns.
The Parents and Families section of the website is divided into three categories:
Learning, Teaching, & Testing: Information about graduation requirements, learning standards, testing and more
Data & Reports: Access to data specific to a school or district, financial reports and guidance about the Washington School Improvement Framework
Student & Family Supports: Special Education guidance and information about student Civil Rights, how to file a complaint, health and safety, English Language Proficiency (ELP) and more
“The OSPI Office of Special Education aspires to ensure students with disabilities receive Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) as required by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). About 14 percent of students overall receive special education services in the state of Washington.”
Linkages through the Special Education section of the website provide information on a range of topics. Here are a few examples:
How Special Education Works
Laws and Procedures
Parent and Student Rights (Procedural Safeguards)
Making a Referral for Special Education
Individualized Education Programs (IEPs)
Placement Decisions and the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
Transition (Ages 16-21)
Behavior and Discipline
Disagreements and Disputes related to Special Education
Special Education Advisory Council (SEAC)
Each section includes state guidance under the rule of federal law (the IDEA) and provides linkages to other resources within and beyond OSPI.
A Need Assistance? link on the Special Education page provides contact information for the Special Education Parent Liaison, available as a resource to parents in non-legal special education matters. According the OSPI’s website, the liaison “serves as a neutral and independent advocate for a fair process.”
“The Special Education Parent Liaison does not advocate on behalf of any one party. Rather, the Parent Liaison exists to address individual concerns about bureaucratic systems and act a guide for anyone attempting to understand and navigate various special education or school district processes and procedures.”
To contact Scott Raub, the Special Education Parent Liaison, call 360-725-6075 or submit a message through OSPI’s Contact Us web page.